August 11, 2014

Detailed TABLE of CONTENTS

CHAPTERS IN SHORT

0. Preface: How modern culture interfaces with human genetics, which dominates, which should -- and can that be improved? Sets the stage and context for the rest of the book.

1. Introduction: What are the two different societies we live in? Are there genetic underpinnings? How can we distinguish between them? How is "trade" involved, and what does "reciprocal altruism" have to do with it?

2. Where We Get Our Information: We're going to reach a number of highly controversial conclusions. Where did the information behind these conclusions come from -- and is it dependable? The answers are: "Largely from ethnological studies," -- and, "Very dependable."

Part I:Our ANCESTORS

3. Hierarchy and Leadership? Not in MY Group You Don't!: An ethnographic look at our small- group ancestors reveals that while they respected knowledgeable and effective folks, they were "egalitarian" -- and, except under certain temporary conditions, wouldn't put up with hierarchical behavior let alone permanent or even semi- permanent "leaders."

4. But What About the Pecking Order?: In line with our ancestors' resistance to hierarchy, did they also resist formation of a social pecking order?

5. Is It Anarchy?: Without any permanent hierarchical leaders or place-holders, our ancestral groups look like anarchy. But, are they?

6. Lessons from Leadership: How "leadership" was -- and wasn't practiced in our ancestral groups.

7. What's Wrong With Hierarchy?: Modern societies are more hierarchical than those of our genetic anti-hierarchical progenitors. Is anthropologically recent modern hierarchy good, bad or indifferent? Do you like living under it? Is it justified?

8. A Genetic Puzzle: Our ancestors' societies were anti-hierarchical. Our modern societies are strongly hierarchical by comparison -- but this contrast is a cladistic anomaly that suggests a genetic puzzle.

9. The Hierarchists Among Us: Part of the answer to the puzzle is that there are -- and almost certainly have always been -- individuals among us with hierarchical tendencies.

10. How Reflexes, Instincts, and Drives Work: The process of biological evolution produced automatic ROM programs in animals to help us survive. In order of increasing complexity, they are, for convenience and by convention, "reflexes," "instincts," and "drives." The things we call "emotions" are almost always the "business end" of one or more of these programs -- and most of them serve important functions.

11. An Instinct(s) for Freedom?: Writers have suggested that we humans have "an instinct for freedom" but till now, that's unproven. Do we indeed have one? Or more? And maybe a "drive for freedom" or two as well?

12. Where Altruism Came From: Geneticists have trouble explaining "altruism:" Altruists would lose out to more selfish individuals who would take advantage of them and so, over time, "alturistic" genes would, theoretically, lose out to more selfish genes -- and altruism would die out. But that hasn't happened. Why not?

13. Anti-Authority Explained!: Sharing information is extremely important to us humans -- and the fact it's distributed among all members of a group -- explains not only altruism, but also why our "instincts for freedom" include anti-authority.

14. Emergency!: Emergencies, "sudden, generally unexpected occurrences or sets of circumstances demanding immediate action," create special problems for groups which depend on distributed information -- and that has far-reaching implications.

15. How They Got Things Done: Just as in emergencies, distributed information means that sometimes one person, sometimes another has the best information and knowledge. How was that handled in ancestral groups? The one word answer may surprise you in an odd way. The "Alpha Complex" mentioned in Chapter 7 is a key to how that works.

16. Ancestral Democracy & Pizza Politics: How are decisions made in ancestral groups counting on distributed information when there aren't strict time constraints? How is that different from what has become traditional "winner take all" modern group decision making? Is one better than the other?

17. Diversity vs. Ruin in Small Groups and Elsewhere: Why do we engage in sex to reproduce, involving two individuals (who have to be in the right mood), rather than a more efficient method like parthenogenesis -- or like an amoeba, just divide in two? Why is "Don't put all your eggs in one basket" good advice?

18. Information, Knowledge and Prediction R Us: Despite the difficulties of prediction, because of the extremely complex process nature of "reality," anticipation of the future is the main survival tool for all organisms. Thus the nuts and bolts of anticipating the future are the key to just about everything. I'm not exaggerating.

19. Spontaneous Order: It's everywhere. But few believe in it and even fewer -- including scientists -- understand it. Do you?

20. Authority: Correcting a Major Linguistic Deficit: The word "authority" as we "urban literates" use it, is extremely misleading: It confuses two entirely different modes of operation by lumping them together. We'll straighten that out.

Part II: The ROOTS of TRADE

21. Ancestral Socialism?: Most ethnologists and anthropologists assume that "sharing," a hallmark of socialism, is central to small ancestral group functioning. Is it?

22. Could it Be Trade?: Since "sharing" doesn't explain many observed ancestral group behaviors very well, maybe something else does. Could it be "trade?"

23. Could It Be Enterprise?: "Trade" explains many -- but not all -- the anomalous ancestral behavior noted in Chapter 21. What explains the rest?

24. Going Native: So, now we have enough background to attempt a guess as to what living in ancestral groups was actually like. From our ancestors' point of view. We'll take a look.

25. Why Trade?: We know why our small-group ancestors traded via their "actuarial intellignece:" To protect themselves from the free-loaders and cheaters contingent of free-riders. But why do we moderns trade so much, in fact, for almost everything we "consume?" Why don't we just "do-it-yourself" instead?

26. The Evolution of Trade, 'Money' and Credit: Trade has it's roots in anti-free-rider genetics, but it has evolved extensively into the essential basis of today's "extended order" "economic" society.

27. Memetic Machines: Perhaps you remember the scene in Walt Disney's "The Sorcerer's Apprentice" where Mickey Mouse, playing the title role, loses control of the magic water-carrying brooms. Surprisingly, the modern world is rife with very similar "memetic machines."

Part III: The HI-JACKING

28. Clique Selfishness: Because of our altruistic knowledge and information-preserving instincts, we take care of our own. But there are unintended consequences.

29. The Great Transitions: How An--archy Became Hier--archy: How did small-group non-hierarchical "anarchy" -- without persistent leaders -- get hi-jacked by modern hierarchical "civilization," complete with kings, lords and tsars?

30. Why NOT to Trade: As noted in Chapter 19, Spontaneous Order, changing trade patterns disrupt the established order. Despite the overwhelming advantages of such disruptions -- called "creative destruction" -- the established order resists any which way it can.

31. The Ultimate Selfish Clique: Which selfish clique uses resistance to trade to the greatest advantage for it's own interests?

32. Pseudo-groups: Although groups larger than Dunbar's number don't operate by the same rules selfish cliques do, we imagine they do and modern mass civilization is designed as if they do. There are unintended consequences.

33. Control Modes: How do selfish cliques control pseudo-groups enough to exploit them?

34. Liars as Leaders: Self-explanatory -- and an essential asset for selfish cliques in exploiting pseudo-groups.

Part IV: The AFTERMATH

35. The Money Perversion: While "money" is essential to modern civilization, as noted in Chapter 26. The Evolution of Trade, 'Money' and Credit, it also has it's dangers. And associated perversions.

36. Stanley Milgram and the Great Transitions: Who's Stanley Milgram -- and what did he rediscover about human nature? It's not what you may think.

37. Wars and Rumors of Wars: Where DO wars come from anyway? And where don't they come from?

38. Silent Partners: Who do governments evolve to serve?

39. The Banksters: If you follow the money, you'll discover a very influential group of silent partners. Of course, after the bailouts of 2007/2008, they're not quite so silent for now.

40. Government Schools: The nexus of control. It's what's done here that mostly masks our anti-hierarchical drives and instincts, often for life, and what made Milgram's rediscovery of them so surprising.

41. What's Wrong With Hierarchy? Part II: Not only do most of us have an emotional dislike for hierarchy, it doesn't work.

42. The State vs. Change: It isn't called "State" for nothing.

43. The Case Against Government: By this time, you know governments are memetic machines. What controls them? THAT'S the source of most of the major problems we face in the world today.

Part V: Re-BALANCING

44. The Milgram Backlash: It's not nice to fool mother nature. In fact you can't. And when you try, there are often unintended consequences.

45. Confusions (In the Age of Conscious Decision):

If we were to apply the unmodified, uncurbed, rules of the micro-cosmos (i.e., of the small band or troop, or of, say, our families) to the macro-cosmos (our wider civilization), as our instincts and sentimental yearnings often make us wish to do, we would destroy it. Yet if we were always to apply the rules of the extended order to our more intimate groupings, we would crush them. So we must learn to live in two sorts of world at once. To apply the name 'society' to both, or even to either, is hardly of any use, and can be most misleading . . . --F. A. Hayek, THE FATAL CONCEIT The Errors of Socialism, (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press 1988), p. 18.

We regularly confuse the two - - - and we are destroying the macro-cosmos (extended order trade). And crushing our more intimate groupings.

46. The Alternatives to Hierarchy: There are lots of alternatives to hierarchy - - - and they work.

47. Comparisons: Comparisons between hierarchy and the alternatives.

48. Hierarchy: The Final Chapter?: Is hierarchy ever justified and/or useful. If so, when?

49. Markets vs. the Establishment: Free trade in free markets and other similar decentralized decision making machines, while not perfect, are vastly superior to central control. They will correct things, even if hindered by governments. It will just be a lot smoother and less disruptive if they aren't interfered with.

50. Hard Money?: It's an insurance policy for our posterity. Will it re-evolve?

51. Rehabilitating Co-Operation: How true co-Operation has been poisoned in the modern world. What we can do to rehabilitate it.

52. What We Can Do: A few other things we might {do | try} to help get things back into balance.


Chapter List With All Internal Links


0. Preface
VClip 1: Alice Walker Rebellion?
Summary
1. Introduction
Hayek_two_societies

intractable_problems
MindReading_Johnson
commune_failures
extended_order_definition
ProblemWithReciprocalAltruism
Summary
2. Where We Get Our Information [s]

Part I:Our ANCESTORS

3. Hierarchy and Leadership? Not in my group!
Stunned
Europeans_baffled
our_ancestors_baffled
fallacy_of_the_chief
ethnologists_baffled
acephalous_tribes
Iroquois_Confederacy
handling_insistent_leaders
egalitarian_leaders_are_different
Summary
4. What About the Pecking Order?
foragers_don't_do_displays
Fried_differences_appreciated
VClip_?
Summary
5. Is It Anarchy?

6. Lessons from Leadership

problem_with_authority
the_Ona
Welker's_Crazy_Horse
ancestral_leader_traits
VClip_1 Non_king_of_Sari_GoingTribal051229_S.wmv
VClip_2 Non_headman_of_Adis_GoingTribal051229.wmv
VClip_3 Attila_as_humble.wmv
leadership_in_short
7. What's Wrong With Hierarchy?
Hitler_serving_collective
DangerOfDominanceDisputes
Dominance Displays
DominanceDisplays
HumanDominanceDisplays
AmericanLeo_01
Are We Moderns Hierarchical?
WeberCentralizedPoliticalAuthority
Tsars
So, What's Wrong With Hierarchy?
hallmarks_of_hierarchy
VClip_01
VClip_1
The Alpha Complex
Camp Bullies, Persistent Hierarchical Leaders and Other Free-riders
free_riders_01
Boehm_1999:67
self_aggrandizing_hunters
CostOfBullyingFree_riders
the_expense_of_leaders
is_hierarchy_necessary_01
Summary
8. A Genetic Puzzle
Summary
9. The Hierarchists Among Us
Eskimo_psychopath
WebsterTheyMeanToGovern
Napolitano_libido_dominandi
same_wine
Arapaho_chiefs
Treat_'em_like_family
Boehm_Schneider_meta-compromise
meta-compromise
Camus_01
why_suppress_libido_dominandi?
Summary
10. How Reflexes, Instincts, and Drives Work
Nisbett_and_Wilson
cat_rubbing
learned_programs
reflexes
instincts
drives
cue_information
Nature_doesnt_trust
exploring_emotions
Summary
11. An Instinct(s) for Freedom
Hume's_Paradox_via_Chomsky
VClip_1
instinct_for_freedom_unproven
bullies_in_the_wings
Camus_02
TolkienBossing
Presidential_power_lust
VClip_2
why_are_freedom_instincts_a_survival_advantage?
Summary
12. Where Altruism Came From [ws]
Heros
problem_with_altruism

free_riders_02

Boehm:How_can_cooperators_survive

The Next Mystery

Memes

Memes Have Behavioral Implications

Transmission and Cross- pollination

memeticly_powered_evolution

The Downside

Distributed Information and Altruism

Learning

The Altruism Equation

The Ultimate Sacrifice

Actuarial Intelligence

Summary
13. Anti-authority Explained

The_Explanation

Boehm:How_can_cooperators_survive

How Our Ancestors Did It

Hierarchy vs. Knowledge: Modern Examples

VClip_1: Authority vs. Reason (Poseidon Adventure)

Summary
14. Emergency!

rank_and_file_responsive

Lowie_situational_power

the_baseball

emergency_dictionary

emergency_working_definition

Problems with Distributed Unique Information

A Use For Alpha Dominance?

The Overrated Hazards of Emergencies

States of Emergency

Summary
15. How They Got Things Done

The Nature of "Reality"
essence_of_reality
recognizing_change
change/process
Distributed Information Problems II
Alpha Confidence
backhoe_01
alpha_confidence_indicator
Distributed Decision-making
Co-Operation
Co-Operation Works Best
VClip_1
group_decision_making
Waldrop_1
Axelrod_01
Co-Operation Today
Hierarchy in Co-Operation
Summary
16. Ancestral Democracy & Pizza Politics [ws]
The Right to NOT Be Included
emergencies_and_tribal_councils
tribal_emergencies
Winner-take-all Democracy vs. Voluntary Democracy
Citizenship, Tribal Membership, or Joint Ownership?
Consensus
tribal_council_01
constructive_exclusion
The Final Destination
Putting it All Together
Consensus_and_co-operation
Summary
17. Diversity vs. Ruin in Small Groups and Elsewhere
17. Affiliation and Revenge MOVED into Chapter 19.
IntroPara
The Values of Diversity
the_reason_for_sex
Gambler's Ruin
Predictability. NOT!
mises_yogi_and_bohr
How This Applies to Us
All the Eggs, Only One Basket
Functional Hierarchy
5_uses_for_hierarchy
is_hierarchy_necessary_02
Our Instinct(s) for Freedom: A Summation
Summary
18. Information, Knowledge and Prediction R Us

19. Spontaneous Order [w]

20. Authority: Correcting a Major Linguistic Deficit

VClip_ST
Pospisil's_comment
authority vs. Authority
authority_differentiation
The Master Capital-A Authority Serves
Authority as Assault
Summary


Part II: The ROOTS of TRADE

21. Ancestral Socialism?

FailureOfPlymouth&Jamestown
Hayek_property_study_ban
Sharing?
kin_vs_band_sharing
notable_sharers
sharing_meat
altruism_or?
Summary

22. Could it be Trade?

Information Conservation vs. Free-riders
ancestral_balancing_act
Actuarial Intelligence and Trade
band-wide sharing & cooperative systems
vigilant_sharing_at_the_bar
Trade
Bower_reciprocal_altruism
redistribution_&_reciprocity-Polanyi
credit_debit
roots_of_trade
Loose Ends
Summary

23. Could it be Enterprise?

      26. Hunting as a Business

      27, Ancestral Trade: Under the Microscope

      28. How Conscious is My Accounter?

      29. How Do Altruism and Carnegie Heros Fit In

24. Going Native

      ? 19. What Made 'em Tick?

      30. The Ancestral Context: A Summation

      ? 35. Anarchy? Or is it Spontaneous Order?

25. Why Trade?

the_real_productivity_gains
Why Did Our Small-group Ancestors Trade?
Why_Do_We_Moderns_Trade
The_Foundation
The Ultimate Unit of Account
shopping_at_the_mall
How Economists Describe it
Do-it-yourself?
Evolution, Surpluses and Trade
the_most_unrenewable_resource
Summary
26. The Evolution of Trade, 'Money' and Credit

27. Memetic Machines


Part III: The HI-JACKING

28. Clique Selfishness [ws]

29. The Great Transitions: How An--archy Became Hier--archy [ws]

30. Why NOT To Trade

31. The Ultimate Selfish Clique

32. Pseudo-groups

33. Control Modes

34. Liars as Leaders


Part IV: The AFTERMATH

35. The Money Perversion

36. Stanley Milgram and the Great Transitions

37. Wars and Rumors of Wars [ws]

38. Silent Partners

39. The Banksters

40. Government Schools

41. What's Wrong With Hierarchy? Part II

42. The State vs. Change

43. The Case Against Government


Part V: Re-BALANCING

?? co. Confusions {in The Age of Conscious Decision}

ht. Hierarchy: The Final Chapter?

ta. The Alternative(s) To Hierarchy

co. Comparisons

rc. Rehabilitating Co-operation

? mb. The Milgram Backlash

mv. Markets vs. the Establishment

      31. Markets vs. Memetic Machines

hm. Hard Money

wc. What We Can Do


IN CLIPS

* au. The Ultimate Selfish Clique in Clips

gt. The Great Transitions In Clips

tC. The Case Against Government In Clips

ta. The Alternative(s) To Hierarchy In Clips


APPENDICES

aa. SUMMARIES

Appendix J, The Second Law of Organization

w Appendix F, Five Anti-Free-Trade Arguments

Appendix T, Time-based Accounting

Appendix C, China: Taxation Retro

Appendix M, Monsanto captures FDA and FTC

Appendix W1, War Inductions

Appendix W2, WAR AND EMERGENCY POWERS

Appendix I, The Old Testament Israelites: "A Great Transition"

Appendix ad, Deep Anarchy [De Rivas Hallucination]

Appendix ad, The De-Rivas Hallucination: Final Word?


USE or DISCARD

16. THE QUESTIONS

15. Information, Knowledge and Humans: A Synopsis

23. Non-coercive Organization Today

20. Non-persistent Leadership


Legend

Normal mostly finished chapters (32)
* = Needs a serious re-write (2)
Under construction -- may or may not be available. (15)

TOTAL CHAPTERS: (49)

Potential chapters (2)
Phased out -- but may still be available (8)



Total Contents
In Clips
Summaries
Appendices
L's Articles