____ __ __ ____ --------------------------- ____ __ __ ____




May 29, 2001 Last update: December 12, 2010 The truth IS out there.

N+N: Home Page
What's New?
L. R.'s Links
L's Articles

Spirit Of 76 Home

Fellow Travelers
Paul Scott: Artist
Simmering Frogs
Jomama's Blog

Where NEX NEWS visitors are. Locations of
visitors to this page

A NEXIALIST N+E+W+S FEATURE: Standard Operating Procedure?

from L. Reichard White

"An unchallenged lie becomes an unquestioned truth." -lrw

People do not make wars; governments do. -Ronald Reagan _clip1
"It is not civilizations that promote clashes. They occur when old-fashioned leaders look for old-fashioned ways to solve problems by rousing their people to armed confrontation." -Kenichi Ohmae, The End Of The Nation State, (New York: The Free Press 1995), p. 11. _clip2
NEW: Wars throughout history have been waged for conquest and plunder. ...The poor, ignorant serfs had been taught ...that ...it was their patriotic duty to fall upon one another and to cut one another's throats for the profit and glory of the lords and barons who held them in contempt. ...The master class has always declared the wars; the subject class has always fought the battles. ...Yours not to reason why; Yours but to do and die. That is their motto Excerpts from the Anti-war Speech That Earned Eugene Debs 10 Years in Prison, Socialist Party convention in Canton, Ohio, 16 June 1918 _clip3
"Why of course the people don't want war," began chief Nazi Hermann Goering testifying at his Nuremberg War Crimes trial. "Why should some poor slob on a farm want to risk his life in a war when the best he can get out of it is to come back to his farm in one piece? Naturally the common people don't want war neither in Russia, nor in England, nor for that matter in Germany. That is understood. But after all, it is the leaders of the country who determine the policy, and it is always a simple matter to drag the people along. ..."All you have to do is to tell them they are being attacked, and denounce the pacifists for lack of patriotism and exposing the country to danger." -Chief Nazi Hermann Goering _clip4
Mr. Bertie Felstead: "A German began singing All Through The Night, then more voices joined in and the British troops responded with Good King Wencelas... the next morning, all the soldiers were shouting to one another, "Hello Tommy, Hello Fritz" ... The Germans started it, coming out of their trenches and walking over to us. Nobody decided for us - we just climbed over our parapet and went over to them, we thought nobody would shoot at us if we all mingled together... There wouldn't have been a war if it had been left to the public. We didn't want to fight but we thought we were defending England." England's Oldest Man Remembers The 1915 Christmas Truce _clip5
The command made it clear that a certain number of shells have to go over every day in order to make life miserable for the enemy. But, OK, you sent them over at that time of day when the enemy would not be having dinner. You wouldn't fire at a position that you were likely to hurt many of the enemy, you actually hadn't done the enemy a lot of damage, but then he hadn't done you a lot of damage, and therefore, you would live to fight another day. -Trevor Wilson, University of Adelaide _clip6
Brotherhood of Soldiers: Conned into Fighting for the State
Mr. [Bertie] Felstead was among the troops [during WWI] who ignored orders by temporarily stopping the slaughter and holding the impromptu football game, sharing cigarettes and singing carols on Christmas Day 1915. Army generals had allowed a festive truce the previous year but ordered soldiers not to "consort with the enemy" again. Mr Felstead, a private in The Royal Welch Fusiliers, was one of the few who ignored the orders [in order] to take part in a second 'free-for-all' Christmas Day football game... -Last WWI Christmas Truce Veteran Dies, www.ananova.com, Thursday 26th July 2001 _clip7
Letters from WWI: Armistice

NEW: The [European] invaders also anticipated, correctly, that other Europeans would question the morality of their enterprise [displacing the "Indians" from North America -lrw]. They therefore [prepared]...quantities of propaganda to overpower their own countrymen's scruples. The propaganda gradually took standerd form as an ideology with conventional assumptions and semantics. We live with it still. --Francis Jennings, The Invasion of America (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1975), vii. quoted in James W. Loewen, LIES MY TEACHER TOLD ME, (New York, NY: Touchstone 1996), p. 98 _clip8
I shall give a propagandist cause for starting the war. Never mind whether it is plausible or not. The victor will not be asked, later on, whether he told the truth or not. --Adolph Hitler, Speech, August 22, 1939, to high officers _clip9
President George W. Bush and seven of his administration's top officials... made at least 935 false statements in the two years following September 11, 2001, about the national security threat posed by Saddam Hussein's Iraq. ...an exhaustive examination of the record shows that the statements were part of an orchestrated campaign that ...led the nation to war under decidedly false pretenses. --Charles Lewis and Mark Reading-Smith, False Pretenses: Iraq THE WAR CARD Orchestrated Deception on the Path to War, www.publicintegrity.org _clip10
The United States is unusual among the industrial democracies in the rigidity of the system of ideological control -'indoctrination,' we might say - exercised through the mass media. --Seminal linguist Noam Chomsky _clip11
Brief History of U.S. War Propaganda
The Tonkin Gulf incident of 1964 may rank with the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and the assassination of President John F. Kennedy as events that Dr. David Kaiser of the U.S. Naval War College describes as "controversies in American political history that dwarf all others." Captain Ronnie E. Ford, U.S. Army, New Light on Gulf of Tonkin, With fresh evidence now available, claims that the Tonkin Gulf incident was deliberately provoked gain new plausibility. _clip12

Has this practice of the U.S. Government abated since the Gulf of Tonkin incident? You decide . . .

The Plan -- according to U.S. General Wesley Clark (Ret.)
Democracy NOW!, March 2, 2007
NEW: In a widely-circulated article which has further fueled Western hysteria about the prospect of an imminent war with Iran, the Associated Press today claimed that Iran's ...effort to produce medical isotopes which are rapidly running out in the nation, was a secret plot to build nuclear weapons. ...With Iran's enrichment facilities under 24-hour IAEA surveillance... the threat of Iran suddenly acquiring a nuclear weapon is entirely illusory. --AP Article Fuels Iran War Hysteria, Article Speculates Medical Uranium Enrichment a Weapons Plot, by Jason Ditz, February 08, 2010 FOLLOW UP: --AP Pulls Iran Nukes Story After Antiwar.com Expos‚ ® Antiwar.com Blog _clip13

This is a fairly long read, but you can't shed doubt on over 100 years of historical myth in one sentence. There's a Table of Contents (next) with "return" links at the end of each section. Maybe you'll want to take it easy and read only a little at a time. Myth busting can be strenuous - - -

Fasten your seat belt, make sure your heart medicine and tranquilizers are handy - - - - and let's go!


World War II: Pearl Harbor
Korea: The First "Police Action" War
Panama 1989: Operation "Just Cause"
Vietnam: Gulf of Tonkin
Iraq 1991: Operation "Desert Storm"
Bosnia & Serbia
Iraq 2003: Operation "Iraqi Freedom"
World War I: (Sinking of Lusitania)
Spanish American War: (Sinking of Battleship Maine)
Why Do They Do It?
How Do They Get Away With It?
How Far Will They Go?
Will They Keep It At Home?
Do Other Governments Use the Same Scam?

WWII: (Pearl Harbor)

There are two questions at the top of the [Pearl Harbor] foreknowledge list: (1) whether President Franklin D. Roosevelt and his top military chieftains provoked Japan into an "overt act of war" directed at Hawaii, and (2) whether Japan's military plans were obtained in advance by the United States but concealed from the Hawaiian military commanders, Admiral Husband E. Kimmel and Lieutenant General Walter Short so they would not interfere with the overt act. The latter question was answered in the affirmative on October 30, 2000, when President Bill Clinton signed into law ...the National Defense Authorization Act [which] ...finds that both Kimmel and Short were denied crucial military intelligence that tracked the Japanese forces toward Hawaii and [had been] obtained by the Roosevelt Administration in the weeks before the attack.
... Roosevelt believed that provoking Japan into an attack on Hawaii was the only option he had in 1941 to overcome the powerful America First non-interventionist movement led by aviation hero Charles Lindbergh. {These anti-war views were shared by 80 percent of the American public from 1940 to 1941. }... Lieutenant Commander Arthur McCollum, a U.S. Naval officer in the Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI), saw an opportunity to counter the U.S. isolationist movement by provoking Japan into a state of war with the U.S.
Memorialized in McCollum's secret memo dated October 7, 1940, and recently obtained through the Freedom of Information Act, the ONI proposal called for eight provocations aimed at Japan. Its centerpiece was keeping the might of the U.S. Fleet based in the Territory of Hawaii as a lure for a Japanese attack. President Roosevelt acted swiftly. The very next day, October 8, 1940, the Commander-in-Chief of the U.S. Fleet, Admiral James O. Richardson, was summoned to the Oval Office and told of the provocative plan by the President. In a heated argument with FDR, the admiral objected to placing his sailors and ships in harm's way. Richardson was then fired and in his place FDR selected an obscure naval officer, Rear Admiral Husband E. Kimmel, to command the fleet in Hawaii. ...
Throughout 1941, FDR implemented the remaining seven provocations. ... On November 27 and 28, 1941, Admiral Kimmel and General Short were ordered to remain in a defensive posture for "the United States desires that Japan commit the first overt act." The order came directly from President Roosevelt.
Immediately after December 7, 1941, military communications documents that disclose American foreknowledge of the Pearl Harbor disaster were locked in U.S. Navy vaults away from the prying eyes of congressional investigators, historians, and authors. -Robert B. Stinnett [1], December 7, 1941: A Setup from the Beginning, Honolulu Advertiser, December 7, 2000 _clip14
"Was it possible to imagine a President who remarked, 'This means war,' after reading the [thirteen-part 6 December] message, not instantly summoning to the White House his Army and Navy commanders as well as his Secretaries of War and Navy? Stimson, Marshall, Stark and Harry Hopkins had spent most of the night of December 6 at the White House with the President. All were waiting for what they knew was coming: an attack on Pearl Harbor. The comedy of errors on the sixth and seventh appears incredible. It only makes sense if it was a charade, and Roosevelt and the inner circle had known about the attack." -1971 Pulitzer Prize winning establishmentarian historian Jonathan Toland, Infamy: Pearl Harbor and its Aftermath (1981) quoted by Srdja Trifkovic, PEARL HARBOR CONSPIRACY?, The Rockford Institute for International Affairs, December 7, 2000 _clip15
NEW: On New Year's eve 1966, I was supposed to be working in a top secret Navy intelligence gathering bunker in Morocco. About 12 of us were stuck with duty and left the "floor" to party in the long gone officer's office. As the liquor flowed to...ngues loosened. Two "lifers" who were about to finish their 30 year career were telling stories of their submarine days in 1941. They bragged about how it was their boat that first intercepted and broke Japanese code and passed it on. I asked exactly what day that happened. One remembered the exact day because it was his sister's birthday. It was the third week in October. I then remarked, "You must have known about the attack at Pearl Harbor." They froze and turned white. The terror on their faces was palpable. They rushed out of the room not to be seen again. Obviously they had been warned not to tell anyone or face jail and loss of pension. Isn't it amazing how so many people can keep a secret so "infamous" even unto death? I would want to come clean, at least at the end. Maybe it starts with fear and ends with shame and habit. I wonder. --Don Duncan, a several-time partner of mine (lrw), verbatim, RE: Fake Leak?, Friday, December 10, 2010 6:14 PM _clip16
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Dec. 8, 1941
"Shortly before election day, on the evening of February 27, 1933 in Berlin, the Reichstag building (the Imperial Parliament) went up in flames. Adolf Hitler rushed to the scene. At first glance, Hitler described the fire as a beacon from heaven.
"You are now witnessing the beginning of a great epoch in German history. This fire is the beginning," Hitler told a news reporter at the scene... ...
Writers such as Klaus P. Fischer feel that most likely the Nazis were involved. But regardless of who actually planned and executed the fire, it is clear that the Nazis immediately took advantage of the situation in order to advance their cause -Irrational Reactionism: The Last War on Terror _clip17

Korean "War": (Korean "Police Action")

This was the first "war that wasn't a war." -- It was a "war" by order of the president alone -- not declared by congress as per the U.S. Constitution. To be legal, they had to call it a "police action." None the less, everyone called it a "War" because a war by any other name is still a war. -lrw

Vietnam "Police Action": (The Gulf of Tonkin)

The claim that the administration of President Lyndon Johnson deliberately triggered the Vietnam War by orchestrating the Tonkin Gulf incident and duping Congress is not a new one. Two recent books--Sedgwick Tourison's Secret Army, Secret War (reviewed in the February 1997 Vietnam) and Dr. Edwin Moise's Tonkin Gulf and the Escalation of the Vietnam War--and other new revelations may indicate, however, that the claim is certainly more plausible than could once be proved. Thirty-three years after the fact, modern Tonkin Gulf researchers pointedly ask: Did the United States intentionally instigate the first attack on USS Maddox in the Gulf of Tonkin on August 2, 1964? Did Hanoi actually order a second attack on Maddox on August 4, 1964? And, if the Communist Vietnamese did not launch this second attack, then did Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara knowingly and deliberately mislead the U.S. Congress to obtain support for what would become the Tonkin Gulf Resolution, to ensure President Johnson's re-election and ultimately lead the United States into war? Captain Ronnie E. Ford, U.S. Army, New Light on Gulf of Tonkin, With fresh evidence now available, claims that the Tonkin Gulf incident was deliberately provoked gain new plausibility. _clip18
AUSTIN -Thirty-eight years ago Sunday, network television was interrupted at 11:36 p.m. EDT so President Lyndon B. Johnson could tell the nation that U.S. warships in a place called the Gulf of Tonkin had been attacked by North Vietnamese PT boats. ... In response to what he described as "open aggression on the open seas," Johnson ordered U.S. airstrikes on North Vietnam. The airstrikes opened the door to a war that would kill 1 million Vietnamese and 58,000 Americans and divide the nation along class and generational lines.
Over the years, debate has swirled around whether U.S. ships actually were attacked that night, or whether, as some skeptics suggest, the Johnson administration staged or provoked an event to get congressional authority to act against North Vietnam.
Recently released tapes of White House phone conversations indicate the attack probably never happened. -Bob Richter, Tonkin incident might not have occurred, Express-News Austin Bureau, Web Posted : 08/03/2002 12:00 AM _clip19
Among the documents released Thursday [by the National Security Agency] is an article written by NSA historian Robert J. Hanyok for the agency's classified publication, Cryptologic Quarterly. In it, he declares that his review of the complete intelligence [on the purported "Gulf of Tonkin" incident] shows beyond doubt "no attack happened that night."
Claims that North Vietnamese boats attacked two U. S. Navy destroyers on Aug. 4, 1964 - just two days after an initial assault on one of those ships - rallied Congress behind Johnson's build-up of the [Vietnam] war. ...
As with the intelligence that convinced the administration and lawmakers that Iraq had weapons of mass destruction, the article asserts officials gave much weight to scant evidence. ... Of the intelligence-gatherers who got it wrong, he [Hanyok] added: "They walked alone in their counsels." ...
Hanyok's article reviews signals intelligence, or SIGINT, from that time and concludes that top administration officials were only given material supporting the claim of an Aug. 4 attack, not the wealth of contradictory intelligence. ... He said he did not find "manufactured evidence and collusion at all levels"; rather, it appeared intelligence-gatherers had made a series of mistakes and their superiors did not set the record straight. ... the supposed attackers did not even know the location of the destroyers, the USS Maddox and C. Turner Joy, as the two ships patrolled off the North Vietnam coast.
A detailed chronology assembled ... by J.J. Merrick, ... said sonar in many cases picked up sounds that were believed to be torpedoes but turned out to be "self noise" - the beating of the ships' own propellers, or noise from patrol boats or supporting planes that were strafing the dark sea, unable to see any prey. Analysis casts doubt on Vietnam war claims, CALVIN WOODWARD, ASSOCIATED PRESS, Friday, December 2, 2005 _clip20
Former LBJ Secretary of defense Robert S. McNamara, often described as the chief architect and a main mover and shaker behind the Viet Nam "War", reveals in his autobiography (and tearfully admits in a news conference) that despite his public stance at the time, he believed the Viet Nam War was a mistake right from the start. -April, 1995 [all media] _clip21
U.S. Vietnam War Defense Sec. Robert S. McNamara
from "The Fog of War"

In July 1964, Operational Plan 34A was ...highly classified program of covert attacks against North Vietnam, ...commando teams inserted into the North by boat and parachute. These secret ... sabotage operations had begun under the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in 1961... patrol boats were purchased quietly from Norway to lend the illusion that the United States was not involved
      ... On 30 July, [General William C.] Westmoreland revised the 34A maritime operations schedule for August, increasing the number of raids by "283% over the July program ... That very night, ...four boats (PTF-2, PTF-3, PTF-5, and PTF-6) ...left the safety of South Vietnamese waters.2 About five hours later they neared their objective: ... To the northwest... was Hon Me; to the southwest lay Hon Nieu. ... It was 20 minutes into the new day, 31 July, when PTF-3 and PTF-6... reached Hon Me and began their run at the shore. Even in the darkness, the commandos could see their target--a water tower ... There was no way to get a commando team ashore to plant demolition charges; they would have do what damage they could with the boats' guns. ...      
      In less than 25 minutes, the attack was over. PTF-3 and PTF-6 broke off and streaked south for safety ... after midnight on 31 July, PTF-2 and PTF-5 ... arrived undetected at a position 800 yards northeast of the island [Hon Nieu]. ... the crew could see their target--a communications tower--silhouetted in the moonlight. Both boats opened fire, scoring hits on the tower, then moved on to other buildings nearby. ... Forty-five minutes after beginning their attack, the commandos turned south for the run back to South Vietnam. ...
      Within days, Hanoi lodged a complaint with the International Control Commission (ICC), which had been established in 1954 to oversee the provisions of the Geneva Accords. The United States denied involvement. ...
      At about the same time, there were other "secret" missions going on. Codenamed Desoto, they were special U.S. Navy patrols designed to eavesdrop on enemy shore-based communications...On 28 July, the latest specially fitted destroyer, the Maddox (DD-731), planned to sail to 16 points along the North Vietnam coast, ranging from the DMZ north to the Chinese border. ... It is difficult to imagine that the North Vietnamese could come to any other conclusion than that the 34A and Desoto missions were all part of the same operation. ...
      Ship's radar detected five patrol boats, which turned out to be P-4 torpedo boats and Swatows. ... On the night of 4 August, both ships [Maddox and Turner Joy] reported renewed attacks by North Vietnamese patrol boats. Today, it is believed that this second attack did not occur ...but the covert campaign continued unabated. During the afternoon of 3 August, ...Four boats, PTF-1, PTF-2 (the American-made patrol boats), PTF-5, and PTF-6 (Nasty boats), were on their way to bombard a North Vietnamese radar installation at Vinh Son and a security post on the banks of the nearby Ron River ...
      North Vietnam immediately and publicly linked the 34A raids and the Desoto patrol... It took only a little imagination to see why the North Vietnamese might connect the two. In this case, perception was much more important than reality.10 The North Vietnamese Ministry of Foreign Affairs made all this clear in September when it published a "Memorandum Regarding the U.S. War Acts Against the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in the First Days of August 1964." Hanoi pointed out what Washington denied: "On July 30, 1964 . . . U.S. and South Vietnamese warships intruded into the territorial waters of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam and simultaneously shelled: Hon Nieu Island, 4 kilometers off the coast of Thanh Hoa Province [and] Hon Me Island, 12 kilometers off the coast of Thanh Hoa Province." It also outlined the Maddox's path along the coast on 2 August and the 34A attacks on Vinh Son the following day. Hanoi denied the charge that it had fired on the U.S. destroyers on 4 August, calling the charge "an impudent fabrication."11 ...
      At the White House, administration officials panicked as the public spotlight illuminated their policy in Vietnam and threatened to reveal its covert roots. President Johnson ordered a halt to all 34A operations "to avoid sending confusing signals associated with recent events in the Gulf of Tonkin." If there had been any doubt before about whose hand was behind the raids, surely there was none now. + _clip22
      Senator Wayne Morse (D-OR) challenged the account, and argued that despite evidence that 34A missions and Desoto patrols were not operating in tandem, Hanoi could only have concluded that they were. ...Hanoi was more than willing to tell the world about the attacks, and it took either a fool or an innocent to believe that the United States knew nothing about the raids. Despite Morse's doubts, ...On 7 August, the Senate passed the Tonkin Gulf Resolution, allowing the administration greater latitude in expanding the war by a vote of 88 to 2. Senator Morse was one of the dissenters. The House passed the resolution unanimously.17 ...
      America's Vietnam War had begun in earnest. Within the year, U.S. bombers would strike North Vietnam, and U.S. ground units would land on South Vietnamese soil. But for a band of South Vietnamese commandos and a handful of U.S. advisers, not much had changed. The publicity caused by the Tonkin Gulf incident and the subsequent resolution shifted attention away from covert activities and ended high-level debate over the wisdom of secret operations against North Vietnam. In the future, conventional operations would receive all the attention. This was the only time covert operations against the North came close to being discussed in public. For the rest of the war they would be truly secret--and in the end they were a dismal failure. ... The Secret Side of the Tonkin Gulf Incident, by Dale Andrade and Kenneth Conboy

U.S. President Lyndon Banes Johnson didn't believe the Warren Report [on who killed President John F. Kennedy], and didn't believe Viet Nam was worth fighting for, his memoires revealed. -CNN HLN, 10-06-97, 1:39am EST _clip24
* Three million Vietnamese and 58,000 Americans were killed in the Viet Nam War. -David Brinkley, ABC This Week, 6 Jul 1997 [The Pentagon reported it cost $110 billion 1970 dollars -lrw] _clip25

Panama 1989: "Operation Just Cause"

It's clear things weren't entirely Kosher here:

LARRY KING (LK): ... "Manuel Noreiga is spending 40 years in a Florida prison for drug trafficking, racketeering and money laundering. Just last month, a federal judge refused to give the former dictator a new trial. Noreiga claims a leading witness was paid over a million dollars by Columbia's Calle Drug Cartel to testify against him. In exchange, he says federal authorities reduced the sentence of the half-brother of the head of that cartel. WHILE THE JUDGE FOUND THE BRIBE TROUBLING, HE DIDN'T THINK THE INFORMATION WOULD CHANGE THE JURY'S VERDICT." -Verbatim, CAP. emphasis added, CNN Larry King Live, 15 Apr 1996 _clip26
[Noreiga claims he worked with the CIA, DEA, and George Walker Bush. He claims US soldiers were directed to kill him, just as they killed the bishop when the US invaded Grenada.] -CNN Larry King Live, 15 Apr 1996 _clip27
MANUEL NOREIGA: "Everything was done to keep me in jail. The proof of it is that President Bush himself went on [closed circuit] TV when the jury could not come to an agreement the jury said to the judge, 'We cannot come to an agreement, to a sentencing, to a decision,' and then Mr. Bush comes out and says on TV, speaks to the jury asking them for a sentence for General Noreiga. And this is when the jury with another mentality, with a different set of instructions saw the great white chief and said, 'President Bush is asking that we condemn him.'" -Verbatim (thru interpreter), CNN Larry King Live, 15 Apr 1996 _clip28

Need research here, but the hear-say is this was at least partly about a business deal between a Bush family member and Bush Sr.'s old CIA buddy, Manuel Noreiga, that went bad. Some interesting stuff here, but, sorry, I just haven't had time yet. -lrw

Iraq 1991: Operation "Desert Storm" (Gulf "War" I [2])

The U.S. Ambassador to Iraq had a meeting with Saddam Hussein on July 25, 1990, just eight days before Iraq invaded Kuwait. Satellite pictures and world news coverage of the situation made it certain United States authorities were well aware of what was about to happen. None the less the U.S. Ambassador, April Glaspie, told ally Saddam Hussein only that "we have no opinion on the Arab-Arab conflicts, like your border disagreement with Kuwait. ... We hope you can solve this problem using any suitable methods via Klibi or via President Mubarak. All that we hope is that these issues are solved quickly."
If you had attended that meeting, what would you have concluded? It's clear the Gulf so-called War could have almost certainly been averted, even by bumbling bureaucrats. But it wasn't. Somebody wanted that war. L. Reichard White, Dis-Mything 9-11 Supplement A: Iraq -- S.O.P.? _clip29
Hill & Knowlton produced dozens of video news releases (VNRs) at a cost of well over half a million dollars, but it was money well spent, resulting in tens of millions of dollars worth of "free" air time. The VNRs were shown by eager TV news directors around the world who rarely (if ever) identified Kuwait's public relations (PR) firm as the source of the footage and stories. TV stations and networks simply fed the carefully-crafted propaganda to unwitting viewers, who assumed they were watching "real" journalism. ... In Unreliable Sources, authors Martin Lee and Norman Solomon noted that "when a research team from the communications department of the University of Massachusetts surveyed public opinion and correlated it with knowledge of basic facts about U.S. policy in the region, they drew some sobering conclusions. The more television people watched, the fewer facts they knew; and the less people knew in terms of basic facts, the more likely they were to back the [George Herbert Walker] Bush administration. [1. Martin A. Lee & Norman Solomon, Unreliable Sources: A Guide to Detecting Bias in New Media (New York: Lyle Stuart, 1991). p. xvii.
Throughout the campaign, the Wirthlin Group conducted daily opinion polls to help Hill & Knowlton take the emotional pulse of key constituencies so it could identify the themes and slogans that would be most effective in promoting support for U.S. military action. After the war ended. the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation produced an Emmy award-winning TV documentary on the PR campaign titled "To Sell a War." The show featured an interview with Wirthlin executive Dee Alsop in which Alsop bragged of his work and demonstrated how audience surveys were even used to physically adapt the clothing and hairstyle of the Kuwait ambassador so he would seem more likeable to TV audiences. Wirthlin's job, Alsop explained, was "to identify the messages that really resonate emotionally with the American people." The theme that struck the deepest emotional chord, they discovered, was "the fact that Saddam Hussein was a madman who had committed atrocities even against his own people, and had tremendous power to do further damage, [3] and he needed to be stopped." -The Selling of The Gulf War: Part 2. _clip30
Ms. [Lauri] Fitz-Pegado [working for the PR/Lobbying firm, Hill & Knowlton paid by an organization calling itself "Citizens for a Free Kuwait"] first coached a 15-year-old Kuwaiti girl, identified only at the time as "Nayira," to testify before Congress that she had seen Iraqi soldiers remove Kuwaiti babies from hospital respirators. Nayira claimed to be a Kuwaiti refugee who had been working as a volunteer in a Kuwaiti hospital throughout the first few weeks of the Iraqi occupation. She said that she had seen the Iraqis take babies out of incubators, take the incubators, and then leave the babies "on the cold floor to die." Nayira's emotional testimony riveted human rights organizations, the news media, and the Nation. That incident was cited by six Members of the Senate as a reason to go to war with Iraq. [Without those six votes, the Senate would not have approved "Desert Storm." -LRW] However, it was later discovered that the girl--who had only been identified as an escapee from occupied Kuwait--was in fact the daughter of the Kuwaiti Ambassador to the United States. ... Since the congressional testimony of Nayira, every reputable human rights organization and journalist has concluded that the baby incubator story was an outright fabrication. ... Even a study commissioned later by the Kuwaiti Government could not produce a shred of real evidence that the Ambassador's daughter had managed to do a few weeks of volunteer work in occupied Kuwait--in a hospital overrun by bloodthirsty Iraqis. ... When Lauri Fitz-Pegado was asked to account for the discrepancies between Nayira's account, what Ms. Fitz-Pegado knew, and what the truth really was, she said: "Oh come on John. Who gives a [expletive deleted]." [The vote was to confirm Ms. Lauri FITZ-PEGADO as "Assistant Secretary of Commerce and Director General of the United States and Foreign Commercial Service." -LRW] -103d Congress 2d Session, June 16, 1994, 1:43 p.m., Page S-6983 Temp. Record Vote No. 147, FITZ-PEGADO NOMINATION/Motion to Recommit _clip31

Bosnia and Serbia 1999: (US/NATO bombing)

" ... After the meeting, I had [U.S. Sec. of State] Larry Eagleburger take [Bosnian Foreign Minister] Silajdzic to see the EC [European Commission] troika political directors (who happened to be visiting the Department) and asked Margaret Tutwiler to talk to the Foreign Minister about the importance of using Western mass media to build support in Europe and North America for the Bosnian cause." -[George H. Bush's Sec. of State] James Baker, III with Thomas M. DeFrank, "The politics of diplomacy: Revolution, war and peace, 1989-1992," Publisher: G. P. Putnam's Sons ISBN 0-399-14087-5 from THE BIG BROTHER GIVES HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT TO THE TRUMPETERS, Peter Brock [4] _clip32

Prison Camp or Propaganda???

Concentration Camp??

This image of an emaciated Muslim caged behind Serb barbed wire, filmed by a British news team, became a worldwide symbol of the war in Bosnia. But the picture is not quite what it seems. German journalist Thomas Deichmann reveals the full story. The picture reproduced on these pages is of Fikret Alic, a Bosnian Muslim, emaciated and stripped to the waist, apparently imprisoned behind a barbed wire fence in a Bosnian Serb camp at Trnopolje. It was taken from a videotape shot on 5 August 1992 by an award-winning British television team, led by Penny Marshall (ITN) with her cameraman Jeremy Irvin, accompanied by Ian Williams (Channel 4) and the reporter Ed Vulliamy from the Guardian newspaper.
For many, this picture has become a symbol of the horrors of the Bosnian war - 'Belsen '92' as one British newspaper headline captioned the photograph (Daily Mirror, 7 August 1992). But that image is misleading.
The fact is that Fikret Alic and his fellow Bosnian Muslims were not imprisoned behind a barbed wire fence. There was no barbed wire fence surrounding Trnopolje camp. It was not a prison, and certainly not a 'concentration camp', but a collection center for refugees, many of whom went there seeking safety and could leave again if they wished.
The barbed wire in the picture is not around the Bosnian Muslims; it is around the cameraman and the journalists. It formed part of a broken-down barbed wire fence encircling a small compound that was next to Trnopolje camp. The British news team filmed from inside this compound, shooting pictures of the refugees and the camp through the compound fence. In the eyes of many who saw them, the resulting pictures left the false impression that the Bosnian Muslims were caged behind barbed wire.
Whatever the British news team's intentions may have been, their pictures were seen around the world as the first hard evidence of concentration camps in Bosnia. www.emperors-clothes.com The picture that fooled the world. _clip33
"In all my experience, I have never seen such a concerted, coordinated, propaganda campaign as the one being waged against Yugoslavia by the U.S. Government and the establishment. Every government wages psychological warfare, not against the enemy, but against their own people. ... Let's not let the government psychological warriors, with the willing cooperation of it's media cohorts, win this war without opposition." -Saul Halperin, KNPR rebroadcast of L.A. Anti-War Teach-In, 05-31-99, 4:35pm EDT _clip34

Afghanistan: (IMMEDIATELY after the 9-11 attacks)

WASHINGTON (AP) - The White House acknowledged Friday it had a battle plan to topple Osama bin Laden awaiting President Bush's approval in the days before the Sept. 11 attacks. ... It was dated Sept. 10 and sat on national security adviser Condoleezza Rice's desk for Bush's review when the World Trade Center and the Pentagon were struck. -White House Reveals Pre-9/11 Plan, Fri May 17, 2002, 11:17 AM ET, By CHRISTOPHER NEWTON, Associated Press Writer, http://story.news.yahoo.com _clip35
UN Aid workers are being evacuated from Kabul, Afghanistan in anticipation of U.S. retaliatory strikes. -Alina Cho, CNBC, September 12, 2001, 09:11:11 [This was clearly well before the folks in the U.S. Government admitted they knew who was responsible for the attacks. -lrw] _clip36
"It's ironic to me that we can commit a nation to war, even world war, on less evidence than it takes to convict someone for smoking a joint in downtown Manhattan." -Ron Kuby, Criminal Defense Lawyer, FOX NEWS, October 30, 2001, 11:54:21 _clip37
~~"We're going to do this right. We're going to gather the evidence and make it public for everyone to see." -Sec. of State Colin Powell, CNBC, September 17, 2001, 13:46:51 _clip38
This document does not purport to provide a prosecutable case against Osama bin Laden in a court of law. ... - Blair's evidence against bin Laden and Taliban -- from Colin Powell's "White Paper" which was eventually released only to foreign governments _clip39
Not one hijacker was from Afghanistan. Maybe the search for those responsible should start elsewhere. -Ahmad Kamal, Fmr. Pakistani Amb. to UN, CNN HLN, September 22, 2001, 14:44:41 _clip40
Another of the men named by the FBI as a hijacker in the suicide attacks on Washington and New York has turned up alive and well. The identities of four of the 19 suspects accused of having carried out the attacks are now in doubt.
Saudi Arabian pilot Waleed Al Shehri was one of five men that the FBI said had deliberately crashed American Airlines flight 11 into the World Trade Centre on 11 September. ... Now he is protesting his innocence from Casablanca, Morocco. He told journalists there that he had nothing to do with the attacks on New York and Washington, and had been in Morocco when they happened. ...
FBI Director Robert Mueller acknowledged on Thursday that the identity of several of the suicide hijackers is in doubt. Hijack 'suspects' alive and well, http://news.bbc.co.uk, Sunday, 23 September, 2001, 12:30 GMT 13:30 UK _clip41
The Taliban has refused to turn-over Osama bin Laden without being presented with evidence. -Lisa Gianni, Bloomberg, September 21, 2001, 08:09:00 _clip42
Bob Pisani (relaying the question from Anchor Bill Griffith): [In a country where people are innocent until proven guilty, why would it be ]"unreasonable for the, the Taliban Government to ask for more direct proof of, ah, ah, the ah, involvement of Osama bin Laden?"
Sen. John McCain (R-Az): "Because they've been ah, assisting Osama, ah, the bin Laden terrorist organization. They know exactly what they've been doin'. And these people are people who are really bad, bad people. What they're doing to women alone in their society should be almost enough to have them out of power. But we all know, we all know. The evidence is clear. I don't --- There may be some discussion about some other terrorist organizations, but not about bin Laden." -EXACT transcription from CNBC, September 21, 2001, ~13:15:48 _clip43
"If Bush wants bin Laden, he should show them proof." -CNN HLN America's voice on cnn.com, September 23, 2001, 06:09:55 _clip44
The "White Paper" claiming to prove bin Laden's guilt was to be shared with the world, but the administration seems to be backing off on that. Will they share it with foreign governments and not the American people? [Yes, indeed! -LRW] -FOX NEWS, September 23, 2001, 14:09:45 _clip45
"...the White House said once again that it will not negotiate with the Taliban or provide evidence about his [bin Laden's] role in the September 11 attack." [The White House stance was later verified to have come from an internal memo.] -Connie Mayberry, CNN HLN, September 30, 2001, 17:16:34 _clip46
Taliban Ambassador to Pakistan: We don't want war, we want justice. We want justice. We must see evidence. -CNN HLN, October 2, 2001, 11:44:40 _clip47
Suppose Afghanistan demanded the hand-over of evangilist Billy Graham - - without presenting any evidence to the U.S. Government or U.S Court System -- without any evidence he'd done anything wrong. Isn't this sort of thing a regular problem for countries? Don't they have regular procedures to handle it? Don't they call it "extradition?" -LRW _clip48

THE PRESIDENT: The Taliban has been given the opportunity to surrender all the terrorists in Afghanistan and to close down their camps and operations. Full warning has been given, and time is running out. Radio Address of the President to the Nation, For Immediate Release, Office of the Press Secretary, October 6, 2001 _clip49
If the United States Government were given an ultimatum by, say, Cuba's Fidel Castro to "surrender all the terrorists in the United States," from a practical standpoint, it simply couldn't be done -- the FBI's still looking for them, and will be for years. Further, how would you know who was a "terrorist" and who wasn't? If no evidence were presented, you'd have to take Castro's word for it. If Castro called for Billy Graham, you would have to turn him over. Would you? [5] _clip50
Bush says Taliban rebuffed Saturday's [new] offer [to stop bombing if bin Laden & cohorts turned over]. Says their offer was identical to their previous offer. Says they need to, "without seeing proof,"...turn him over. -CNN HLN banner, October 15, 2001, 02:29:20 _clip51
Afghan Clerics ask Taliban to urge bin Laden to leave Afghanistan at suitable time for the nation's safety. Clerics urge US not to attack Afghanistan. Urge US to have patience. Kelly Wallace reports Bush not likely to approve of Cleric's position: wants action. -CNN bottom banner, September 20, 2001, 07:05:07 _clip52
Bush: "Turn him over. Turn him over, turn his cohorts over. Turn any hostages they hold over. Destroy all their terrorist camps. There's no need to negotiate. There's no discussions. I told them exactly what they need to do. There's no need to discuss innocence or guilt, we know he's guilty. And when I said no negotiations, I meant no negotiations." -CNN HLN, October 15, 2001, 04:01:10 _clip53
Reporter: ~"Are you sure bin Laden is still in Afghanistan and that the Taliban can find him? U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell: "No [I'm not sure he's still in Afghanistan], but I'm sure if bin Laden is in Afghanistan, the Taliban knows where to find him." Press conference, September 17, 2001, 13:46:51 _clip54
Pakistan and Saudi Arabia are the only two countries in the world who recognize the Taliban as the legitimate government of Afghanistan. [United Arab Emirates broke relations with Taliban a few months ago and Saudi Arabia has now frozen relations with Afghanistan.] -CNN HLN, September 22, 2001, 16:32:57 _clip55
Many Afghans [even in the part of Afghanistan not controlled by Taliban] are voting with their feet. They're afraid of American bombs. They think the Americans are going to destroy their homes. They're trying to get away from towns and across the border into Pakistan. -Steve [Hanson?], Islamabad, Afghanistan, CNN, September 20, 2001, 05:45:56 _clip56
Day 18 of airstrikes in Afghanistan underway. -CNBC banner, November 4, 2001, 10:14:58 _clip57
Day 29 of airstrikes in Afghanistan underway. -November 15, 2001, 05:07:57 _clip58
A minimum of 3,500 Afghan civilians were killed by U.S. bombs. See http://pubpages.unh.edu/~mwherold/. For each day since October 7, when the U.S. bombing of Afghanistan began, he [Prof. Marc W. Herold] lists the number of casualties, location, type of weapon used, and source(s) of information. Look here for some examples of his research: 3,500 Civilians Killed in Afghanistan by U.S. Bombs, Marc Herold, University of New Hampshire, Dec. 10, 2001 _clip59

EPILOG 2005 A.D.:

Now Afghanistan stands as it was when the Soviet Union left--a failed state. And, one election a democracy does not make.
We've been really lucky about Karzai, he turned out to be pretty good, and rather lucky for us -- but he is still more the mayor of Kabul than he is the president of Afghanistan. The warlords are not only alive and well, they are thriving and running much of that country. They probably have at their disposal more resources than they ever had before because Afghanistan is turning into a narco-state. -General Brent Scowcroft, National Security Advisor to both Pres. Ford and Pres. H.W. Bush NEW AMERICA FOUNDATION _clip60

For more detail on the Afghan "war," see: The BIGGEST One.

Iraq 2003: (Operation Iraqi Freedom)

Maturing soon - - - and as you can see, folks, the script for this turkey won't even pass muster in kindergarten! -lrw

When did Bush decide to invade Iraq?
Lost 2004 60 MINUTES interview
President George W. Bush and seven of his administration's top officials... made at least 935 false statements in the two years following September 11, 2001, about the national security threat posed by Saddam Hussein's Iraq. ...an exhaustive examination of the record shows that the statements were part of an orchestrated campaign that ...led the nation to war under decidedly false pretenses. --Charles Lewis and Mark Reading-Smith, False Pretenses: Iraq THE WAR CARD Orchestrated Deception on the Path to War, www.publicintegrity.org _clip61
The Plan -- according to U.S. General Wesley Clark (Ret.)
Democracy NOW!, March 2, 2007

Here is a list of a few of the lies, preversions and distortions:

-The supposed meeting between top al'Qaeda agent and an Iraqi intelligence officer in Prague? -- juxtaposed with Osama meeting two CIA officers in American Hospital in Dubai.

-The Niger yellow-cake forgery, exposed by Ambassador Joe Wilson, and how the Bush Administration exposed his wife, Valarie Plame's identity as a covert CIA operative.

-The aluminum tubes, supposedly for uranium enrichment

-The 1991 grad student study that was used to claim Iraqi WMD in 2003

-Bush's October nuke claim, vetoed by CIA, resurrected in Jan. State of Union, using a British Government report (which was "sexed-up") in place of CIA information.

-Mobile chemical weapons manufacturing labs didn't exist

-Saddam's son-in-law's testimony that there were WMD -- in 1991 -- but they were destroyed. Tiny detail: The fact they were destroyed was left out.

And it doesn't help much that all the excuses Mr. Bush gave for attacking the people of Iraq were either wrong or lies. Many folks -- in addition to Americans who still believe in the U.S. Constitution -- regard the "war" on Iraq as illegal, [6] and U.S. tactics in the "war on terror" as terrorism.

We'll only mention in passing that the domestic price for "our" sarkar attacking Iraq, a country with no WMD, [7] no al'Qaeda links, and no connections to 9-11 [8] so-far has been $87 billion, a good chunk of our civil liberties -- and 2,400 or so American soldier's lives, not to mention a minimum of approximately 18,000 more wounded and/or maimed. [9]

American Military Deaths in Iraq
 TotalIn Combat
Since war began:42073395
Since 5/1/2003:40683287
Total Wounded:30832100000+
Cost of the War in Iraq

World War I

This is only circumstantial so far . . . .

Was the sinking of the Lusitania a setup? It was transporting war material against the rules of war. Need documentation here. -lrw _clip62
The author, George Victor, mentions the deceit of President Wilson in getting us into World War I but provides no details. However, you can find this in Charles Tansil's excellent book entitled America Goes to War. Justice Brandeis, who was appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court by Wilson, rendered his opinion to President Wilson that the alleged sinking of the French cross-channel passenger ship, the S.S. Sussex, by a German submarine in the English Channel with the loss of lives of the U.S. citizens justified a declaration of war against Germany by the United States. The ship was painted all black and the usual insignia to show it was not a military ship were missing. The German commander of the submarine wrote that he took the ship to be a military ship rather than a passenger ship. Wilson relied on this legal opinion of Justice Brandeis, who was Wilson's most influential adviser along with Col. House, and the president addressed both houses of Congress on April 2, 1917 using the sinking of Sussex and the loss of American lives as a reason to declare war on April 7, 1917. It was only after America was committed to the war that the truth came out, which apparently was not considered material by the news media, so the public never was fully informed. The Sussex was not sunk and no American lives were lost. The ship was torpedoed by the Germans but made it safely to the harbor at Boulogne where it was hidden for some period of time. --FDR, Pearl Harbor and the U.N. by John V. Denson, LewRockwell.com _clip63
Niall Ferguson is a history professor who taught at Cambridge and is now a tenured Oxford don. Those are the credentials of an establishment, or "court," historian, whose main purpose is to protect the patriotic and political myths of his government.
...the world war [WWI] was not necessary or inevitable, but was instead the result of grossly erroneous decisions of British political leaders ... Ferguson regards it as "nothing less than the greatest error in modern history."
The First World War continues to disturb the British psyche today, much as the Civil War still haunts Americans. British casualties in the war numbered 723,000 -- more than twice the number suffered in World War II. The author writes that "The First World War remains the worst thing the people of my country have ever had to endure." --The Crime Called World War I, by John V. Denson, review of Niall Ferguson, The Pity of War, Basic Books 1999 _clip64
My claim is that, had the gold standard been maintained, the warring nations would have had to observe the rules of the gold standard, and, therefore, World War I would have been over in a few months. Because of the automated mechanism and the prevalent "rules of decent behavior," financing the war on credit in a Keynesian style would not have been possible. Parenthetically, except for Karl Marx, Swiss historian Jacob Burckhardt de­scribes Keynes as one of the great destructive forces in world history.
Soon after the onset of World War I, the moment came when the world turned to monetary fraud. Political pressure to finance the war with money created out of nothing made a sane monetary structure futile and led to the ruin of currencies --and a war lasting four years. The world lay in ruins and a young, hopeful generation was lost somewhere on the battlefields. Ferdinand Lips, Why Gold-Backed Currencies Help Prevent Wars, Zurich, August 30 -- September 1, 2002 (translated from German) _clip65

The Spanish American War: (Sinking of the Maine)

The sinking of the battleship Maine in Havan Harbor was used as an excuse to start the Spanish American War. According to the History Channel, however, research shows that it most probably sunk because of bad design: The ship's magazine was on the other side of a bulkhead where coal was stored and most likely the coal dust ignited from spontaneous combustion, eventually setting off the powder in the magazine. Needs research though: Start with The History Channel. -lrw

Why they do it:

NEW: The world's top 10 military spenders and the approximate amounts each country currently budgets for its military establishment are: _clip66
1. United States (FY08 budget), $623 billion _clip67
2. China (2004), $65 billion _clip68
3. Russia, $50 billion _clip69
4. France (2005), $45 billion _clip70
5. Japan (2007), $41.75 billion _clip71
6. Germany (2003), $35.1 billion _clip72
7. Italy (2003), $28.2 billion _clip73
8. South Korea (2003), $21.1 billion _clip74
9. India (2005 est.), $19 billion _clip75
10. Saudi Arabia (2005 est.), $18 billion _clip76
World total military expenditures (2004 est.), $1,100 billion _clip77
World total (minus the United States), $500 billion. _clip78
Our excessive military expenditures did not occur over just a few short years or simply because of the Bush administration's policies. They have been going on for a very long time... This... I call "military Keynesianism" - the determination to maintain a permanent war economy and to treat military output as an ordinary economic product... This ideology goes back to the first years of the Cold War.... With peace and demobilization, there was a pervasive fear that the Depression would return....
the US sought to draft basic strategy for the emerging Cold War. The result was the militaristic National Security Council Report 68 (NSC-68)... signed by president Harry S Truman on September 30, 1950, it laid out the basic public economic policies that the United States pursues to the present day.... NSC-68 asserted: "One of the most significant lessons of our World War II experience was that the American economy, when it operates at a level approaching full efficiency, can provide enormous resources for purposes other than civilian consumption while simultaneously providing a high standard of living."...
With this understanding, American strategists began to build up a massive munitions industry,... under Pentagon leadership, entire new industries were created to manufacture large aircraft, nuclear-powered submarines, nuclear warheads, intercontinental ballistic missiles, and surveillance and communications satellites. This led to what president Dwight D Eisenhower warned against in his farewell address of February 6, 1961:... the military-industrial complex.
By 1990, the value of the weapons, equipment, and factories devoted to the Department of Defense was 83% of the value of all plants and equipment in American manufacturing.... Even though the Soviet Union no longer exists, US reliance on military Keynesianism has, if anything, ratcheted up, thanks to the massive vested interests that have become entrenched around the military establishment.... DISPATCHES FROM AMERICA, Going bankrupt: The US's greatest threat, By Chalmers Johnson, www.atimes.com, Jan 24, 2008, _clip79

How Do They Get Away With It?

N+N:Reprise: "If we learned one thing from Viet Nam, it's that you can't fight a war without public support." --Pentagon spokesman, 1991 run-up to Gulf War _clip81
"Well Jim, it is very important in a democracy that you have the support of the people. One of the reasons why George Bush [Sr.] had to demonize [Iraqi President] Saddam Hussein was to get the support of the people, and Bill Clinton has done the same thing, Vice President Gore has done the same thing with respect to [Yugoslav President Slobodan] Milosevic." ---Raymond Tanter, Fmr. Natl. Security Council Staffer, WATCH IT!, MSNBC, 2 Apr. 1999, ~11:56:45 AM EST Gag, Demonize & Destroy from NEXIALIST N+E+W+S, _clip82
"Ultimately the governors, the rulers, can only rule if they control opinion --no matter how many guns they have. This is true of the most despotic societies and the most free, [Hume] wrote. If the general population won't accept things, the rulers are finished." - PFRM: Hume's paradox The Prosperous Few and the Restless Many (Interviews with Noam Chomsky) Copyright 1994 by David Barsamian _clip83
There is more propaganda in a democracy than in a dictatorship. -Noam Chomsky _clip84
History of U.S. War Propaganda
"The United States is unusual among the industrial democracies in the rigidity of the system of ideological control -'indoctrination,' we might say - exercised through the mass media." -Seminal linguist Noam Chomsky _clip85
Correspondent Fisk: "Without media collusion, no war."

SEE ALSO: N+N: The BIGGEST One, The Media's Role

Chinese media reported last month that China was considering fines for media outlets that report emergencies, such as riots, natural disasters and outbreaks of disease such as SARS or bird flu, without authorization.
China has a long history of covering up emergency incidents, and news blackout[s] are regularly imposed by sensitive propaganda officials nervous about the effects of news reports on the image of the ruling party. -Chinese bird flu whistle-blower jailed: state media, Netscape News (Reuters) July 11, 2006 _clip86
Gentle reader, did you know that in April President Bush went to Stanford University to speak to the Hoover Institution fellows at the invitation of former Secretary of State George Shultz but was not allowed on campus? The Stanford students got wind of it and blocked Bush's access to the campus. ...
A person might think that it would be national news that Stanford University students would not allow the President of the US on campus. ...I did not hear or read a word about it.
Did you? I learned of it from faculty friends in June when I attended Stanford's graduation to witness a relative receive her degree. The June 16 edition of The Stanford Daily reprints its April 24 report of the episode. -Paul Craig Roberts, A Republic or an Empire?, Information Clearing House, 07/09/06[11] _clip87

"The lie can be maintained only for such time as the State can shield the people from the political, economic and/or military consequences of the lie. It thus becomes vitally important for the State to use all of its powers to repress dissent, for the truth is the mortal enemy of the lie, and thus by extension, the truth becomes the greatest enemy of the State." --Chief Nazi "Information Officer," Dr. Joseph P. Goebbels _clip88
NEW: "Don't tell them ... then it will not exist ..." --Chief Nazi "Information Officer" Joseph Paul Goebbels (in Goebbels, From Economics to Publicity, ed. 1955, Alles die Zeitungen collection, Dr. Herzbold Neher) _clip89
Afraid of a congressional investigation, Lemnitzer had ordered all Joint Chiefs documents related to the Bay of Pigs destroyed, says [author] Bamford. But somehow, these remained. "The scary thing is none of this stuff comes out until 40 years after," says Bamford. -David Ruppe, FRIENDLY FIRE: U.S. Military Drafted Plans to Terrorize U.S. Cities to Provoke War With Cuba, ABCNEWS.com, May 1, 2001 [and thanks to Bronco!!] _clip90
Despite the Warren Report, purporting to have determined that President John F. Kennedy was killed by lone gunman Lee Harvey Oswald, the Kennedy assassination files have been reclassified for another 50 years. -LRW _clip91
President Bush's lawyers are trying to keep secret the inside stories of President Bill Clinton's last-day pardons by invoking a claim of executive privilege that extends far beyond the White House. ... the Bush administration contends that the privilege covers not only advice given to a president about individual pardons, but also government papers he has never seen and officials he has never talked to, ... The stance, taken in opposition to a lawsuit filed by the nonprofit group Judicial Watch for access to Clinton pardon records, represents a hard line that the government has never taken. ... the Justice Department under Bush is asserting the same privilege to maintain the secrecy of pardon records as far back as 75 years ago. Bush Seeks Secrecy For Pardon Discussions, By George Lardner Jr., Washington Post Staff Writer, Tuesday, August 27, 2002; Page A01 _clip92
WASHINGTON -As part of its "war on terrorism," the Bush administration has vastly expanded government secrecy, removing information from the public domain, limiting its disclosures to Congress and allowing law enforcement agencies to operate in the shadows. ... "For whatever reason, this administration has gone way way too far in its pursuit of secrecy in some particularly worrying ways," said Mark Tapscott, head of the Center for Media and Public Policy at the conservative Heritage Foundation. ... But the policy goes beyond classified information. Bush Expands Government Secrecy, Arouses Critics BY ALAN ELSNER, NATIONAL CORRESPONDENT, Reuters, Posted on Tue, Sep. 03, 2002 _clip93
The Lincoln Assassination papers were just [re]-sealed for another 75 years. -CNN & Company, 20 June 1997, ~11:52:06 AM EST _clip94

How far will they go?

NEW YORK, May 1--In the early 1960s, America's top military leaders reportedly drafted plans to kill innocent people and commit acts of terrorism in U.S. cities to create public support for a war against Cuba. Code named "Operation Northwoods", the plans reportedly included the possible assassination of Cuban emigres, sinking boats of Cuban refugees on the high seas, hijacking planes, blowing up a U.S. ship, and even orchestrating violent terrorism in U.S. cities. The plans were developed as ways to trick the American public and the international community into supporting a war to oust Cuba's then new leader, communist Fidel Castro. -David Ruppe, FRIENDLY FIRE: U.S. Military Drafted Plans to Terrorize U.S. Cities to Provoke War With Cuba, ABCNEWS.com, May 1, 2001 [and thanks to Bronco!!] _clip95
U.S. Government agents or snitches of various stripes have been implicated in the [first] bombing of the World Trade Tower in New York City, the Olympic Park bombing, the Viper Militia in Arizona, the bombing of the Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, etc. -LRW _clip96
... In an extended riff, he [convicted Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh] suggests he was approached towards the end of his time in the armed forces by a shady US Government operative calling himself The Major. The Major supposedly recruited McVeigh to infiltrate the militant far right, and later encouraged him to go ahead with the Oklahoma City bombing because its brutality would shock the militia movement into breaking apart. In other words, it was all a Government plot. Murderers memoirs fuel questions around Oklahoma bombing , 07.02.2004, By ANDREW GUMBEL, nzherald.co.nz _clip97
There is evidence of foreign intelligence backing for the 9/11 hijackers. Why is the US government so keen to cover it up? ... Omar Sheikh, a British-born Islamist militant, ... is also the man who, on the instructions of General Mahmoud Ahmed, the then head of Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), wired $100,000 before the 9/11 attacks to Mohammed Atta, the lead hijacker. ...Ahmed, the paymaster for the hijackers, was actually in Washington on 9/11, and had a series of pre-9/11 top-level meetings in the White House, the Pentagon, the national security council, and with George Tenet, then head of the CIA, and Marc Grossman, the under-secretary of state for political affairs. When Ahmed was exposed by the Wall Street Journal as having sent the money to the hijackers, he was forced to "retire" by President Pervez Musharraf. Why hasn't the US demanded that he be questioned and tried in court?
For years the CIA used the ISI as a conduit to pump billions of dollars into militant Islamist groups in Afghanistan, both before and after the Soviet invasion of 1979. ... The case of Ahmed confirms that parts of the ISI directly supported and financed al-Qaida, and it has long been established that the ISI has acted as go-between in intelligence operations on behalf of the CIA. The Pakistan connection, Michael Meacher, [12] Thursday July 22, 2004, The Guardian _clip98

Will they keep "it" at home?

"The U.S. was our partner in every respect, giving us intelligence, training, equipment and working closely with us in the field," said [Gen. Juan Miguel] del Aguila [head of Peru's National Anti-Terrorism Bureau], who is charged with conspiracy in the state-sponsored bombing last year of a bank in central Lima [in an attempt to get Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori re-elected], an act meant to look like the handiwork of Fujimori opponents to portray them as radicals. "The United States was our best ally." -Anthony Faiola, U.S. Allies In Drug War In Disgrace, Arrests of Peruvian Officials Expose Corruption, Deceit, Washington Post Foreign Service, Wednesday, May 9, 2001, Home Edition, Front Page _clip99

Do other countries use the same scam?

Exiled tycoon Boris Berezovsky has promised to show a documentary film in London on Tuesday that he says will provide evidence that a series of apartment building explosions [in Russia] in September 1999 was the work of the Federal Security Service. [the Russian FBI] Two explosions in Moscow followed by a third in the southern city of Volgodonsk, which left a total of about 300 people dead, served as justification for the Kremlin to launch a second campaign in Chechnya.
Only a week after the explosion in Volgodonsk, residents of a Ryazan apartment building noticed a suspicious car parked near a basement door. Inside, police found bags of white powder wired to a detonator and a timing device set for 5:30 a.m.
Police evacuated the building, claiming they had averted a terrorist act. Investigators said the bags contained hexogen, an explosive. Two days after the bomb's discovery, however, FSB chief Nikolai Patrushev announced his agency had staged the incident, planting a dummy bomb in an exercise meant to test public vigilance. All traces of the bomb were removed. Berezovsky Promises to Show Film in London By Gregory Feifer, The Moscow Times, Tuesday, Mar. 5, 2002. Page 3 _clip100


According to R.J. Rummel's revised totals: At least 262 million (262,000,000) men, women and children were killed by governments in the 20th Century alone. That's a LOT of anguish, folks. And please note: According to Rummel, governments murdered six times as many of their citizens as were killed in combat in all the foreign and internal wars of the century. And with the estimated 200,000 in Iraq (and counting), etc., governments are successfully chugging away to increase that total in the 21st century.

And killing all those folks doesn't come cheaply. As of 2005, 42 Percent of Your Taxes Pay for War according to the Quakers at FCNL

An entry in an encyclopedia compiled by holocaust and genocide researchers gives the prize for the world's largest genocide to America and it's Government for killing-off record numbers of Native American "Indians."

BRUSSELS, Belgium - A display praising the merits of peacekeeping ... shown at the monument of the Unknown Soldier in Brussels this week ...included a panel listing North America as the continent of the world's worst genocide with a death toll of 15 million ... [Defense Ministry spokesman Gerard] Vareng said "the peacekeeping display was the work of historical experts. They took the list of genocides and the numbers of people who died in them on the Encyclopedia of Genocide" by Israel W. Charny, head of the Institute on the Holocaust and Genocide in Jerusalem.
He said the two-volume encyclopedia, published in 1999, is a "very serious book that deals with all kinds of genocides." Display Says U.S. Has Worst Genocide*, April 9 2004 _clip102
Wars throughout history have been waged for conquest and plunder. ...The feudal barons of the Middle Ages, the economic predecessors of the capitalists of our day, declared all wars. And their miserable serfs fought all the battles. The poor, ignorant serfs had been taught to revere their masters; to believe that when their masters declared war upon one another, it was their patriotic duty to fall upon one another and to cut one another's throats for the profit and glory of the lords and barons who held them in contempt. And that is war in a nutshell. The master class has always declared the wars; the subject class has always fought the battles. The master class has had all to gain and nothing to lose, while the subject class has had nothing to gain and all to lose--especially their lives. ...
the working class who freely shed their blood and furnish the corpses, have never yet had a voice in either declaring war or making peace. It is the ruling class that invariably does both. They alone declare war and they alone make peace. Yours not to reason why; Yours but to do and die. That is their motto ...If war is right let it be declared by the people. You who have your lives to lose, you certainly above all others have the right to decide the momentous issue of war or peace.... [See Goering, above for a dissenting view. -lrw]
They are continually talking about your patriotic duty. It is not their but your patriotic duty that they are concerned about. There is a decided difference. Their patriotic duty never takes them to the firing line or chucks them into the trenches. The Anti-war Speech That Earned Eugene Debs 10 Years in Prison, Socialist Party convention in Canton, Ohio, 16 June 1918 _clip103
The view that sustaining capitalism requires aggressive war is usually said to originate with V.I. Lenin as a way of rescuing Marxism from a serious problem. The problem was that capitalism was not collapsing in the 19th century. It was growing more robust and more productive, and the workers were getting richer, not poorer ...But was Lenin really the originator of the theory? Not at all. The capitalists beat him to it. As Murray N. Rothbard explains in his History of Money and Banking in the United States(2002) , the idea began with a group of Republican Party theoreticians during the late Gilded Age, who were concerned that the falling rate of profits would end up crippling capitalism and that the only salvation was a forced opening of foreign markets to US exports. These were the brain trusters of Theodore Roosevelt...
The best way to find new consumers and resources, he [Economist Charles Conant in a series of essays beginning in 1896, including "The Economic Basis of Imperialism " ] said, is to go abroad, using force, if necessary, to open up markets. He further said that the US industrial trusts then dominant on the landscape could be useful in promoting and waging war. ... By the turn of the century, this view had largely caught on in the economics profession, with even the eminent theorist John Bates Clark of Columbia praising imperialism for providing American business "with an even larger and more permanent profit." ... Today the same creed is captured in the pithy if chilling mantra of the New York Times columnist Thomas Friedman: "The hidden hand of the market will never work without a hidden fist" (The Lexus and the Olive Tree , p. 464). ... Brink Lindsey of the Cato Institute puts a different spin on the same line. His goal in Against the Dead Hand is to convince military imperialists that international trade can be an important ally in the fight for global dominance. ... Historian Robert Kagan is even more brutally clear: "Good ideas and technologies also need a strong power that promotes those ideas by example and protects those ideas by winning on the battlefield."
So there you have it: if you want to use a cell phone, you have to be willing to send your son to die for the US imperium in a war against Iraq! And if you do lose your son in battle, know that this was necessary in order to shore up US domination of the world economy.
With the communists and capitalists agreeing that war and profit are mutually dependent, how is a believer in peace and freedom to respond? While war can result in profit for a few, it is not the case that the entire system of a free economy depends on such wartime profiteering. Indeed, war comes at the expense of alternative uses of resources. To the extent that people are taxed to pay for armaments, property is diverted from its most valuable uses to purposes of destruction. Indeed, the idea that commerce and war are allies is a complete perversion of the old liberal tradition. Ranking Austrian economist Llewellyn H. Rockwell, Jr., A Capitalist War?, _clip104
Excluding World Wars and expeditions to suppress piracy or the slave trade, the United States has made armed invasions and interventions in other countries on more that 130 separate occasions, including China (on 18 separate occasions), Mexico (13), Nicaragua and Panama (9 each), Honduras (7), Colombia and Turkey (6 each), the Dominican Republic, Korea, and Japan (5 each), Argentina, Cuba, Haiti, the Kingdom of Hawaii, and Samoa (4 each), Uruguay and Fiji (3 each), Guatemala, Lebanon, the Soviet Union and Sumatra (2 each), Grenada, Puerto Rico, Brazil, Chile, Morocco, Egypt, Ivory Coast, Syria, Iraq, Peru, Formosa, the Philippines, Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam [the list is based on compilations by the House Armed Services Committee]. The Common Enemy by Carl Sagan, Parade Magazine, Feb. 7, 1988 & Ogonyok Magazine (Soviet Union) March 12, 1988. _clip105

Of course, there have been a few additions to the 130 counted by Sagan in 1988 -- Grenada, Panama, Iraq (1991), Haiti, Somalia, Kosovo, Serbia, Afghanistan, Iraq (2003) etc. And these are just the official military interventions. Currently (2004) the U.S. has more than 300,000 troops stationed in foreign countries [14] -- and an FBI presence in over 60 countries.

For a more thorough list of U.S. interventions, see

TERRORISM: A CENTURY OF U.S. MILITARY INTERVENTIONS: JOY OF KILLING From Wounded Knee to Afghanistan (and to Iraq), Compiled by Zoltan Grossman

There are also other less forceful intrusions, usually including the U.S. controlled International Monetary Fund and The World Bank as well. See for example, "Confessions of an Economic Hit Man" by John Perkins -- and what he says in person - - -

Jackals assassinate leaders when EHMs fail

I think U.S. Marine Major General Smedley Butler sums things up quite nicely:

War is just a racket. A racket is best described, I believe, as something that is not what it seems to the majority of people. Only a small inside group knows what it is about. It is conducted for the benefit of the very few at the expense of the masses. ...
I wouldn't go to war again as I have done to protect some lousy investment of the bankers. There are only two things we should fight for. One is the defense of our homes and the other is the Bill of Rights. War for any other reason is simply a racket.
... I spent thirty-three years and four months in active military service as a member of this country's most agile military force, the Marine Corps. I served in all commissioned ranks from Second Lieutenant to Major-General. And during that period, I spent most of my time being a high class muscle-man for Big Business, for Wall Street and for the Bankers. In short, I was a racketeer, a gangster for capitalism. [15]
I helped make Mexico, especially Tampico, safe for American oil interests in 1914. I helped make Haiti and Cuba a decent place for the National City Bank boys to collect revenues in. I helped in the raping of half a dozen Central American republics for the benefits of Wall Street. The record of racketeering is long. I helped purify Nicaragua for the international banking house of Brown Brothers in 1909-1912 (where have I heard that name before?). [16] I brought light to the Dominican Republic for American sugar interests in 1916. In China I helped to see to it that Standard Oil went its way unmolested.
During those years, I had, as the boys in the back room would say, a swell racket. Looking back on it, I feel that I could have given Al Capone a few hints. The best he could do was to operate his racket in three districts. I operated on three continents. -Excerpt from a speech delivered in 1933, by Major General Smedley Butler, USMC, Originally published in Common Sense, November, 1935. Quoted in Felix Greene's The Enemy, Vantage Books, New York, 1971. From the Federation of American Scientists web-site Also available from http://www.mmmfiles.com/amerimpe.htm _clip106

For a soldier's eye view of Smedley Butler's career, you can check Smedley Butler from Grunts.net

Also of interest:

Silent Partners from NEXIALIST N+E+W+S, The BIGGEST One: Or Something Else? from NEXIALIST N+E+W+S, The BIGGEST One: The Media's Role: from NEXIALIST N+E+W+S, Unintended Consequences of Central Planning from NEXIALIST N+E+W+S,


[1] Robert B. Stinnett has worked as a journalist for the Oakland Tribune and the BBC, and is the author of the book, Day of Deceit: The Truth about FDR and Pearl Harbor (Free Press, 2000). This article is adapted from his presentation before the Independent Policy Forum held earlier this year at The Independent Institute in Oakland, California. Hear an interview with author Stinnett here http://simmeringfrogs.com/ogg/stinnett.ogg return

[2] The word "War" is in quotation marks because the U.S. hasn't been at war -- legally -- since the end of World War II. According to the U.S. Constitution, only Congress can declare war -- and it hasn't done so since just after Pearl Harbor. All so-called "wars" since WWII have been carried out by the executive branch under the so- called "War Powers Act" which abbrogated Congress' responsibility. The so-called Korean "War," Vietnam "War," Gulf "War," etc. have all been carried-out, officially, not as "wars" but as "police actions." Thus Vietnam, etc. is what it really means to be "world policeman." return

[3] For an account of just where Mr. Hussein's reputation came from, see "Saddam Hussein: From Ally to Enemy," a piece from Presidential advisor Jude Wanniski return

[4] Peter Brock, a special projects and politics editor at the "El Paso Herald-Post", has lectured and written about Yugoslavia, as well as Eastern Europe and Russia, since 1976. return

[5] Reuters: 82% [of Pakistani's] regard Ossama bin Laden as a Holy Warrior and not a terrorist. -FOX NEWS banner, October 15, 2001, 15:39:08 return

[6] France agrees. return

[7] WASHINGTON - President Bush and his vice president conceded Thursday in the clearest terms yet that Saddam Hussein had no weapons of mass destruction... Cheney dismissed the significance of Duelfer's central findings, telling supporters in Miami, "The headlines all say `no weapons of mass destruction stockpiled in Baghdad.' We already knew that." -Bush, Cheney Concede Saddam Had No WMDs, http://story.news.yahoo.com, Thu Oct 7, By SCOTT LINDLAW, Associated Press Writer return

[8] "We've had no evidence that Saddam Hussein was involved in Sept. 11," Bush told reporters as he met members of Congress on energy legislation. Bush Distances from Cheney on Saddam-9/11 Link, Reuters, Wed September 17, 2003 06:08 PM ET, By Steve Holland . return

[9] An up-to-date listing of U.S. soldiers killed in combat can be found HERE. And while more than 8,000 have been officially listed as injured or maimed, it seems that more than 17,000 U.S. soldiers have been evacuated from the Iraq theatre of operations. return

[10] This is the original German, according to Karl WB Schwarz:

Wir machten aus Hitler ein Monstrum, einen Teufel. Deshalb konnten wir nach dem Krieg auch nicht mehr davon abrücken. Hatten wir doch die Massen gegen den Teufel persönlich mobilisiert. Also waren wir nach dem Krieg gezwungen, in diesem Teufelsszenario mitzuspielen. Wir hätten unmöglich unseren Menschen klarmachen können, daß der Krieg eigentlich nur eine wirtschaftliche Präventivmaßnahme war!” James Baker, ehemaliger US-Außenminister return _clip107

[11] Paul Craig Roberts was Assistant Secretary of the Treasury in the Reagan administration. He was Associate Editor of the Wall Street Journal editorial page and Contributing Editor of National Review. He is coauthor of The Tyranny of Good Intentions. He can be reached at: paulcraigroberts@yahoo.com return

[12] Michael Meacher is Labour MP for Oldham West and Royton. He was Great Britain's environment minister 1997-2003. return

[13] General Sanchez said he was "very happy" with the current level of allied forces in Iraq - 120,000 Americans and 15,000 troops from other countries [89% Americans -lrw] ... No further troop contributions from other countries, other than perhaps a small contingent from Japan, are expected. U.S. Troops Are Expected to Remain in Iraq The Dutch have 1300 troops in Iraq. -Andrea Mitchell, CNBC, March 17, 2004, 20:11:03 The Spanish also have approximately 1300 troops in Iraq -- but are now expected to withdraw them. return

[14] At the time the most recent "Personnel Strengths" was released by the government (September 30, 2003), there were 183,002 troops deployed to Iraq, an unspecified number of which came from U.S. forces in Germany and Italy. The total number of troops deployed abroad as of that date was 252,764, not including U.S. troops in Iraq from the United States. Total military personnel on September 30, 2003, was 1,434,377. This means that 17.6 percent of U.S. military forces were deployed on foreign soil, and certainly over 25 percent if U.S. troops in Iraq from the United States were included. [The U.S. has nearly one-and-a-half million troops with over 25% of them -- nearly half-a-million -- troops deployed in 135 (70%) of the world's 193 recognized countries. -lrw] -Laurence M. Vance, The U.S. Global Empire, www.lewrockwell.com mailto:vancepub@juno.com return

[15] When Smedley says "capitalism" he clearly means that system of fascism and central control which is akin to mercantilism -- and antithetical to free markets. SEE Free Trade: The Good, The Bad, and The Ugly by journeyman return

[16] What Major-General Butler had in mind was probably the forerunner of the following: "... the Dutch connection remained unexplored until 1994 when I published the book 'The Secret War Against the Jews.' As a matter of historical curiosity, I mentioned that Fritz Thyssen (and indirectly, the Nazi Party) had obtained their early financing from Brown Brothers Harriman, and its affiliate, the Union Banking Corporation. Union Bank, in turn, was the Bush [as in U.S. Presidents HW & GW Bush -lrw] family's holding company for a number of other entities, including the 'Holland American Trading Company.' It was a matter of public record that the Bush holdings were seized by the US government after the Nazis overran Holland. ... The Bushes knew perfectly well that Brown Brothers was the American money channel into Nazi Germany, and that Union Bank was the secret pipeline to bring the Nazi money back to America from Holland. The Bushes had to have known how the secret money circuit worked because they were on the board of directors in both directions: Brown Brothers out, Union Bank in. The Dutch Connection: How a famous American family made its fortune from the Nazis, Copyright September 27, 2000 by Attorney John Loftus And remember, Mr. Butler fingered the connection between Brown Bros. and banking shenanigans in 1933, before the beginning of WWII! return

N+N: Home Page mailto: L. Reichard

* * - Permission to re-post granted. Re-posting encouraged! - * *

NOTICE: In compliance with Title 17 U.S.C. section 107, this material is distributed free without profit or payment for non-profit research and educational purposes only. -CLICK for further information.